Answered By: Chrissine Cairns
Last Updated: Jun 04, 2018     Views: 28

Sometimes, you will need to cite “as cited in” or indirect citations. Indirect citations are when one author or authors cite another author or authors in their work.  When you cite a source that has also cited another source, first try to locate the original source.  If you are not able to locate the original source, you should cite the indirect citation as follows: 

Smith noted that “Learning to cite correctly takes practice” (as cited in Jones, 2008, p. 45).

In this example, Smith cited Jones, and the writer chose to cite Smith although he or she actually read only the source by Jones.  In that book the author Jones quotes Smith. The writer would create a reference on the References page for Jones (not Smith).