Answered By: Laurie Bastien
Last Updated: Jan 07, 2019     Views: 51

Cite materials created by your instructor (such as a PowerPoint or class lecture) as a personal communication, since the information will not be available for most readers from an online source. The citation will only be in-text and will not be added to the Reference page.

For more information, visit the links below.


  • Personal Communications

    Learn how to cite personal communications, including emails, classroom lectures, personal interviews, text messages, letters, and telephone conversations, as well as how to cite or discuss other types of interviews, such as recoverable interviews or research participant interviews that serve as a data source for your study.

    Academic Writer

    © 2016 American Psychological Association.

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