Answered By: Matt Stevons Last Updated: Oct 01, 2019 Views: 75
Not all scholarly journals provide a DOI and most other documents do not have a DOI (like most books or newspaper articles). Because all students and faculty here at PG have access to the Library, we recommend treating publications as if they are print copies when dealing with articles and other documents without a DOI.
An example of citing a journal article without a DOI would be:
Haddow, G., & Joseph, J. (2010). Loans, logins, and lasting the course: Academic library use and student retention. Australian Academic & Research Libraries, 41(4), 233-244.
Note that no URL or other information is included at the end and it just follows normal rules for citing a journal article. We recommend you follow the same for books and book chapters as well and treat them as print editions. In practice, we believe this is what most people publishing do. Anyone reading your work, whether a fellow student or your professor, can safely assume the full text was obtained via the university’s library and the citation information should be complete enough that anybody can find it using the information given.
History and Context:
Additionally, a citation analysis of the references lists in a random selection of recently published articles in APA journals conducted by Library staff revealed no instances of this rule being followed in any of the articles reviewed - meaning that it’s a rather obscure rule in practice and not consistently observed in published materials.
American Psychological Association. (2009).Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association(6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Jackson, P. (2009, September 24). What to use: The full document URL or home page URL? [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/09/what-to-usethe-full-document-url-or-home-page-url.html